Bus Fxp4121 Assessment 1 Ethical Theories and Principles

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Personal Moral Integrity and Ethical Leadership

BUS Fxp4121 Assessment 1 Ethical Theories and Principles: Personal moral integrity is an important feature of ethical leadership practice. A person’s morality denotes that their action show the moral and ethical standards. Healthcare leaders who uphold their own moral standards serve as moral role models, fostering trust among their subordinates and colleagues (Al Halbusi et al., 2020).

BUS Fxp4121 Assessment 1 Ethical Theories and Principles

Ethical leadership involves making decisions and taking actions that are guided by moral principles, such as honesty, fairness, and respect. Leaders with personal moral integrity consistently demonstrate these values in their behaviour, creating a positive ethical climate within their organization. Leaders should encourage their team members to prioritize ethical behaviour, by depicting moral integrity. This fosters a culture of trust, transparency, and accountability. Additionally, personal moral integrity helps leaders navigate complex ethical problems (Yazdanshenas & Mirzaei, 2022).

Ethical Theories and Principles Influencing Health Care Organizational Management

Ethical principles are the main framework that provides a way for ethical decision-making. There are four main ethical principles. These are autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice (Pozgar, 2023).


Respect for the patient’s right to self-determination is known as autonomy. According to this notion, patients should be allowed to make decisions regarding their care, even if those decisions are not in their best interests. According to the autonomy principle, people have the right to control their own lives and are the final arbiters of what values and preferences they choose. In addition, maintaining patient and healthcare provider trust is another vital aspect of this notion (Olejarczyk & Young, 2022).


It is the responsibility of nurses to perform to the patient’s best concern. This implies that nurses should instate clear procedures for the patients for quality outcomes. Healthcare professionals should choose the effective treatment for the patients. The idea that doing good and preventing harm is ethically correct is the foundation of the beneficence principle (Pozgar, 2023).


Nonmaleficence is the duty of healthcare professionals to avoid harming the patient. It is the ethical responsibility of healthcare professionals to avoid harming the patient by any means. Pozgar (2023) further states that healthcare professionals should do all within their power to reduce treatment risks and prevent patients from suffering unnecessarily.


Justice is the equal opportunity of medical resources and the respectful treatment of every patient. The healthcare professionals have this ethical responsibility to treat everyone with respect and justice. Pozgar (2023) states that none of the patients should be treated differently on the basis of their color, ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic background.

Ethical Principles Guiding Leadership Practices

Leaders in the healthcare industry should apply ethical concepts in a variety of ways to guide their processes. They have the authority to decide by what method is the best to allocate the resources. Leaders should apply the principle of justice to give resources to patients who most need them, regardless of their financial situation (Grace, 2022). Get  BUS Fxp4121 Assessment 1 Ethical Theories and Principles

Grace (2022) states that healthcare leaders should also establish guidelines that protect the ethical rights of patients. The leaders should provide autonomy to the patients to choose their treatments. Moreover, healthcare professionals should also foster a culture of moral decision-making by depicting good behavior.

BUS Fxp4121 Assessment 1 Ethical Theories and Principles

Healthcare leaders use the principle of nonmaleficence to implement safety protocols that reduce patient safety risks. Healthcare leaders have the responsibility to protect the patients. The healthcare leader should promote a culture of auditing and double-checking to reduce the risk of any patient hazards (Haskins & Roets, 2022).

The responsibility of the healthcare professional to behave to the patient’s benefit is known as beneficence. Healthcare leaders have this obligation to treat patients with care. This care should be only focused on avoiding any harm to the patients and promoting the well-being of the patient.  Moreover, healthcare professionals should promote a quality care process (Haskins & Roets, 2022).

Ethical Health Care Leadership and Positive Outcomes

Ethical healthcare leadership involves guiding healthcare organizations to uphold ethical standards, including autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence and justice. Positive outcomes for healthcare organizations include patient satisfaction, quality of care, and patient engagement. These positive outcomes are usually measured through various factors like patient satisfaction, care quality and financial performance (Varkey, 2021).

Ethical healthcare leaders are committed to providing high-quality care to all patients, regardless of their ethnicity. They also work to create a safe and supportive environment for patients. This can lead to improved patient satisfaction and outcomes (Varkey, 2021).

BUS Fxp4121 Assessment 1 Ethical Theories and Principles

The healthcare leaders are committed to providing quality care to all patients. They work to identify the primary causes of medical errors. Ethical healthcare leaders ensure a culture of safety so that healthcare professionals can report mistakes. The root cause should be reported without the fear of being (AlThubaity & Shalby, 2023).

Healthcare leaders should provide patient-centered care. This also relates to the concept of beneficence in ethical leadership (Vogus & McClelland, 2020). Patient safety should also be promoted by the ethical healthcare leader to enhance positive patient outcomes (Egan, 2023).


Ethical healthcare leadership is the practice of leading healthcare organizations to promote the highest ethical standards. This includes upholding the principles of autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. A healthcare leader should depict personal integrity to promote trust, transparency, and accountability.


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Grace, P. J. (2022). Nursing ethics and professional responsibility in advanced practice. In Google Books. Jones & Bartlett Learning. https://books.google.com.pk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=3ep5EAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=ethical+principles+guide+health+care+leadership+practices&ots=6cIJ5wEujV&sig=GM2IX2x9qzUtYYeFKRe3k1ysZBg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f

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Olejarczyk, J. P., & Young, M. (2022). Patient rights and ethics. National Library of Medicine; StatPearls Publishing.

Pozgar, G. D. (2023). Legal and ethical issues for health professionals. In Google Books. Jones & Bartlett Learning. https://books.google.com.pk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=zBSwEAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=ethical+theories+and+principles+influence+health+care+organizational+management&ots=uJ689WBHtV&sig=njkijuHuz5DHRdAYyPDZGHWjDOE&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f

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Varkey, B. (2021). Principles of clinical ethics and their application to practice. Medical Principles and Practice, 30(1), 17–28.

Vogus, T. J., & McClelland, L. E. (2020). Actions, style and practices: How leaders ensure compassionate care delivery. British Medical Journal Leader, 4(2), 48–52. https://doi.org/10.1136/leader-2020-000235

Yazdanshenas, M., & Mirzaei, M. (2022). Leadership integrity and employees’ success: Role of ethical leadership, psychological capital, and psychological empowerment. International Journal of Ethics and Systems.